Landfills are areas chosen to dispose of trash, garbage, and other types of solid waste. Landfills are just open-air trash dumps or a hole in the ground. Landfills are the sites for the dumping of all extra rubbish that is either buried or allowed to pile up in loads after every waste disposal operation. Landfills are somewhat common these days, especially with the rise in the household, commercial, industrial, and institutional trash. Thanks to coordinated waste management, certain landfills are well run.
Numerous communities neglect their landfills, resulting in land contamination and the uncontrolled accumulation of all types of solid waste.
What types of waste are collected by landfills?
Landfills can accept municipal solid trash, construction waste, land clearing debris, industrial wastes, sewage sludge, treated medical wastes, and solidified liquid wastes.
The benefits of burying all waste in the ground include a great energy source, keeping cities and towns clean, isolating dangerous waste, and supporting local jobs and businesses.
Let’s discuss the drawbacks associated with landfills.
Impacts of Landfills
- Air Pollution
Methane gas is the most hazardous of the poisonous gases that landfills generate. The natural decay of organic matter results in the production of methane gas. Carbon dioxide is 25 times less powerful than methane.
As a result, temperatures in cities throughout the world rise, contributing to global warming and climate change. Aside from methane gas, other household and agricultural chemicals like bleach and ammonia can also be found in landfills. These substances may produce hazardous fumes that may damage the area around the landfill’s air quality.
- Water Pollution
Water contamination is another issue with landfills in terms of the environment. Polluting soil and water is caused by hazardous chemicals, gases, and toxins that seep from landfills and mix with the groundwater.
Numerous industrial and household cleansers are among the harmful products found in landfills.
A big part of these waste toxins contaminates our food and water facilities after penetrating the soil and entering freshwater canals. Animal and plant life can be harmed by pollution.
- Wildlife and Landfills
Animals and plants are significantly affected by landfill sites. Certainly, animals and birds eat at landfills. They consume drywall, plastic, aluminium, and other materials in the process.
- Has a great impact on our health
What does this mean for our health?
Landfills and harmful chemicals from garbage disposal increase the risk of congenital abnormalities and low birth weight, among other adverse health effects. In a number of studies, people living near landfills have been linked to the development of certain cancers. Other minor discomfort and self-described symptoms, including sleepiness, headaches, and tiredness, have been observed by those living near landfills.
More than ever, we must be aware of the waste around us. Modern landfills are equipped with waste management systems. Their objective is to eliminate pollution, manage contamination, and preserve our health and environment. Despite this, landfills are essential for maintaining the cleanliness and health of cities.